Timothy Carroll

Research Summary
My research focuses primarily on the evaluation of neurovascular disease using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). I research the development of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to diagnose and evaluate diseases that affect the vasculature and the underlying physiology. My focus has been primarily to neurovascular disease and stroke. However, given the system nature of vascular disease my work has a more broad appeal. Many of the conditions which precipitate neurovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis, have a common underpinning.
Imaging, Magnetic Resonance, Physics, Stroke, Cerebrovascular, Vascular Disease
  • University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, BS Physics 06/1985
  • University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL, PhD High Energy Physics 04/1994
  • Max-Planck Institute, Munich, Germany, Fellowship High Energy Physics 12/1997
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, Medical Imaging 01/2002
Biosciences Graduate Program Association
  1. Effectiveness of ocrelizumab on clinical and MRI outcome measures in multiple sclerosis across black and white cohorts: A single-center retrospective study. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2023 Jan 16; 71:104523. View in: PubMed

  2. Musculoskeletal simulations to examine the effects of accentuated eccentric loading (AEL) on jump height. PeerJ. 2023; 11:e14687. View in: PubMed

  3. Application of a novel T1 retrospective quantification using internal references (T1-REQUIRE) algorithm to derive quantitative T1 relaxation maps of the brain. Int J Imaging Syst Technol. 2022 Nov; 32(6):1903-1915. View in: PubMed

  4. Analysis of the extent of limbic system changes in multiple sclerosis using FreeSurfer and voxel-based morphometry approaches. PLoS One. 2022; 17(9):e0274778. View in: PubMed

  5. Symbolic cues enhance express visuomotor responses in human arm muscles at the motor planning rather than the visuospatial processing stage. J Neurophysiol. 2022 09 01; 128(3):494-510. View in: PubMed

  6. Augmentation of perfusion with simultaneous vasodilator and inotropic agents in experimental acute middle cerebral artery occlusion: a pilot study. J Neurointerv Surg. 2022 Jul 08. View in: PubMed

  7. Engagement of the contralateral limb can enhance the facilitation of motor output by loud acoustic stimuli. J Neurophysiol. 2022 04 01; 127(4):840-855. View in: PubMed

  8. When "Deep Faking" Results Means "Improving Diagnosis". Radiology. 2022 04; 303(1):160-161. View in: PubMed

  9. Effect of early Sanguinate (PEGylated carboxyhemoglobin bovine) infusion on cerebral blood flow to the ischemic core in experimental middle cerebral artery occlusion. J Neurointerv Surg. 2022 Dec; 14(12):1253-1257. View in: PubMed

  10. Perfusion and Permeability MRI Predicts Future Cavernous Angioma Hemorrhage and Growth. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2022 05; 55(5):1440-1449. View in: PubMed

  11. Trial-by-trial modulation of express visuomotor responses induced by symbolic or barely detectable cues. J Neurophysiol. 2021 11 01; 126(5):1507-1523. View in: PubMed

  12. Baseline Characteristics of Patients With Cavernous Angiomas With Symptomatic Hemorrhage in Multisite Trial Readiness Project. Stroke. 2021 12; 52(12):3829-3838. View in: PubMed

  13. Specificity and incremental predictive validity of implicit attitudes: studies of a race-based phenotype. Cogn Res Princ Implic. 2021 09 06; 6(1):61. View in: PubMed

  14. Cyclic eccentric stretching induces more damage and improved subsequent protection than stretched isometric contractions in the lower limb. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Dec; 121(12):3349-3360. View in: PubMed

  15. Differentiating low and high grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands using CT radiomics. Gland Surg. 2021 May; 10(5):1646-1654. View in: PubMed

  16. Perfusion and permeability as diagnostic biomarkers of cavernous angioma with symptomatic hemorrhage. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2021 11; 41(11):2944-2956. View in: PubMed

  17. Plantar flexor voluntary activation capacity, strength and function in cerebral palsy. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Jun; 121(6):1733-1741. View in: PubMed

  18. A Roadmap for Developing Plasma Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers of Cerebral Cavernous Angioma With Symptomatic Hemorrhage (CASH). Neurosurgery. 2021 02 16; 88(3):686-697. View in: PubMed

  19. The influence of temporal predictability on express visuomotor responses. J Neurophysiol. 2021 03 01; 125(3):731-747. View in: PubMed

  20. Impact of Lower Limb Active Movement Training in Individuals With Spastic Type Cerebral Palsy on Neuromuscular Control Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Front Neurol. 2020; 11:581892. View in: PubMed

  21. QSM in canine model of acute cerebral ischemia: A pilot study. Magn Reson Med. 2021 03; 85(3):1602-1610. View in: PubMed

  22. Task Feedback Processing Differs Between Young and Older Adults in Visuomotor Rotation Learning Despite Similar Initial Adaptation and Savings. Neuroscience. 2020 12 15; 451:79-98. View in: PubMed

  23. Influence of simultaneous pressor and vasodilatory agents on the evolution of infarct growth in experimental acute middle cerebral artery occlusion. J Neurointerv Surg. 2021 Aug; 13(8):741-745. View in: PubMed

  24. Common transcriptome, plasma molecules, and imaging signatures in the aging brain and a Mendelian neurovascular disease, cerebral cavernous malformation. Geroscience. 2020 10; 42(5):1351-1363. View in: PubMed

  25. Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping and Vessel Wall Imaging as Screening Tools to Detect Microbleed in Sentinel Headache. J Clin Med. 2020 Apr 01; 9(4). View in: PubMed

  26. Outcomes of Macroplastique injections for stress urinary incontinence after suburethral sling removal. Neurourol Urodyn. 2020 03; 39(3):994-1001. View in: PubMed

  27. Task Errors Drive Memories That Improve Sensorimotor Adaptation. J Neurosci. 2020 04 08; 40(15):3075-3088. View in: PubMed

  28. Association of Long-Term Risk Factor Levels With Carotid Atherosclerosis: The Chicago Healthy Aging Magnetic Resonance Imaging Plaque Study (CHAMPS). Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 09; 12(9):e009226. View in: PubMed

  29. Phantom validation of quantitative susceptibility and dynamic contrast-enhanced permeability MR sequences across instruments and sites. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2020 04; 51(4):1192-1199. View in: PubMed

  30. Rapid recalibration of temporal order judgements: Response bias accounts for contradictory results. Eur J Neurosci. 2020 04; 51(7):1697-1710. View in: PubMed

  31. Using Dynamic Contrast-enhanced MRI as an Imaging Biomarker for Migraine: Proceed with Caution. Radiology. 2019 Sep; 292(3):721-722. View in: PubMed

  32. Correlation of post-contrast T1-weighted MRI surface regularity, tumor bulk, and necrotic volume with Ki67 and p53 in glioblastomas. Neuroradiology. 2019 Aug; 61(8):861-867. View in: PubMed

  33. Absolute quantitative MR perfusion and comparison against stable-isotope microspheres. Magn Reson Med. 2019 06; 81(6):3567-3577. View in: PubMed

  34. Gray matter atrophy in multiple sclerosis despite clinical and lesion stability during natalizumab treatment. PLoS One. 2018; 13(12):e0209326. View in: PubMed

  35. Infarct location is associated with quality of life after mild ischemic stroke. Int J Stroke. 2018 10; 13(8):824-831. View in: PubMed

  36. Detection of microbleeds associated with sentinel headache using MRI quantitative susceptibility mapping: pilot study. J Neurosurg. 2018 May 01; 1-7. View in: PubMed

  37. Trial Readiness in Cavernous Angiomas With Symptomatic Hemorrhage (CASH). Neurosurgery. 2019 04 01; 84(4):954-964. View in: PubMed

  38. Osmotic Shifts, Cerebral Edema, and Neurologic Deterioration in Severe Hepatic Encephalopathy. Crit Care Med. 2018 02; 46(2):280-289. View in: PubMed

  39. Fuzzy c-means segmentation of major vessels in angiographic images of stroke. J Med Imaging (Bellingham). 2018 Jan; 5(1):014501. View in: PubMed

  40. Plaque Characteristics in the Superficial Femoral Artery Correlate with Walking Impairment Questionnaire Scores in Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Walking and Leg Circulation Study (WALCS) III. J Surg Radiol. 2012 Jul; 3(3):148-157. View in: PubMed

  41. Femoral artery plaque characteristics, lower extremity collaterals, and mobility loss in peripheral artery disease. Vasc Med. 2017 12; 22(6):473-481. View in: PubMed

  42. Quantitative susceptibility mapping as a monitoring biomarker in cerebral cavernous malformations with recent hemorrhage. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 04; 47(4):1133-1138. View in: PubMed

  43. Normal appearing white matter permeability: a marker of inflammation and information processing speed deficit among relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Neuroradiology. 2017 Aug; 59(8):771-780. View in: PubMed

  44. Predicting Domain-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life Using Acute Infarct Volume. Stroke. 2017 07; 48(7):1925-1931. View in: PubMed

  45. A fast, noniterative approach for accelerated high-temporal resolution cine-CMR using dynamically interleaved streak removal in the power-spectral encoded domain with low-pass filtering (DISPEL) and modulo-prime spokes (MoPS). Med Phys. 2017 Jul; 44(7):3450-3463. View in: PubMed

  46. Development of a high resolution MRI intracranial atherosclerosis imaging phantom. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Feb; 10(2):143-149. View in: PubMed

  47. The relationship between white matter fiber damage and gray matter perfusion in large-scale functionally defined networks in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2017 Dec; 23(14):1884-1892. View in: PubMed

  48. Diffusion-compensated tofts model suggests contrast leakage through aneurysm wall. Magn Reson Med. 2017 Dec; 78(6):2388-2398. View in: PubMed

  49. Impact of Pial Collaterals on Infarct Growth Rate in Experimental Acute Ischemic Stroke. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Feb; 38(2):270-275. View in: PubMed

  50. Plaque Composition in the Proximal Superficial Femoral Artery and Peripheral?Artery Disease Events. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 09; 10(9):1003-1012. View in: PubMed

  51. An empirical method for reducing variability and complexity of myocardial perfusion quantification by dual bolus cardiac MRI. Magn Reson Med. 2017 06; 77(6):2347-2355. View in: PubMed

  52. Feedforward compensation for novel dynamics depends on force field orientation but is similar for the left and right arms. J Neurophysiol. 2016 11 01; 116(5):2260-2271. View in: PubMed

  53. A novel profile/view ordering with a non-convex star shutter for high-resolution 3D volumetric T1 mapping under multiple breath-holds. Magn Reson Med. 2017 06; 77(6):2215-2224. View in: PubMed

  54. Perfusion reduction in the absence of structural differences in cognitively impaired versus unimpaired RRMS patients. Mult Scler. 2016 11; 22(13):1685-1694. View in: PubMed

  55. Regional reduction in cortical blood flow among cognitively impaired adults with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Mult Scler. 2016 10; 22(11):1421-1428. View in: PubMed

  56. Enhanced crosslimb transfer of force-field learning for dynamics that are identical in extrinsic and joint-based coordinates for both limbs. J Neurophysiol. 2016 Jan 01; 115(1):445-56. View in: PubMed

  57. 23.4% Saline Decreases Brain Tissue Volume in Severe Hepatic Encephalopathy as Assessed by a Quantitative CT Marker. Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 44(1):171-9. View in: PubMed

  58. A non-invasive assessment of cardiopulmonary hemodynamics with MRI in pulmonary hypertension. Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Dec; 33(10):1224-1235. View in: PubMed

  59. Automated analysis of perfusion weighted MRI using asymmetry in vascular territories. Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Jun; 33(5):618-23. View in: PubMed

  60. Multi-modal magnetic resonance elastography for noninvasive assessment of ovarian tissue rigidity in vivo. Acta Biomater. 2015 Feb; 13:295-300. View in: PubMed

  61. High-risk plaque in the superficial femoral artery of people with peripheral artery disease: prevalence and associated clinical characteristics. Atherosclerosis. 2014 Nov; 237(1):169-76. View in: PubMed

  62. Collateral vessel number, plaque burden, and functional decline in peripheral artery disease. Vasc Med. 2014 Aug; 19(4):281-288. View in: PubMed

  63. Optical coherence tomography as a potential tool for extravascular imaging in vascular neurosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug; 75(2):N17-8. View in: PubMed

  64. Snapshot MR technique to measure OEF using rapid frequency mapping. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Jul; 34(7):1111-6. View in: PubMed

  65. Gadofosveset-based biomarker of tissue albumin concentration: Technical validation in vitro and feasibility in vivo. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Jan; 73(1):244-53. View in: PubMed

  66. Visual spatial attention has opposite effects on bidirectional plasticity in the human motor cortex. J Neurosci. 2014 Jan 22; 34(4):1475-80. View in: PubMed

  67. Leakage and water exchange characterization of gadofosveset in the myocardium. Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Apr; 32(3):224-35. View in: PubMed

  68. Advances and innovations in brain arteriovenous malformation surgery. Neurosurgery. 2014 Feb; 74 Suppl 1:S60-73. View in: PubMed

  69. Three-dimensional hemodynamics in intracranial aneurysms: influence of size and morphology. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Jan; 39(1):120-31. View in: PubMed

  70. Cerebral arteriovenous malformation: complex 3D hemodynamics and 3D blood flow alterations during staged embolization. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Oct; 38(4):946-50. View in: PubMed

  71. RAZER: a pulse sequence for whole-brain bolus tracking at high frame rates. Magn Reson Med. 2014 Jun; 71(6):2127-38. View in: PubMed

  72. Proximal superficial femoral artery occlusion, collateral vessels, and walking performance in peripheral artery disease. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Jun; 6(6):687-94. View in: PubMed

  73. Characterizing changes in the excitability of corticospinal projections to proximal muscles of the upper limb. Brain Stimul. 2013 Sep; 6(5):760-8. View in: PubMed

  74. Cerebrovascular occlusive disease: quantitative cerebral blood flow using dynamic susceptibility contrast mr imaging correlates with quantitative H2[15O] PET. Radiology. 2013 Mar; 266(3):879-86. View in: PubMed

  75. Clinical correlates of size and number of collateral vessels in peripheral artery disease. Vasc Med. 2012 Aug; 17(4):223-30. View in: PubMed

  76. Combined renal MRA and perfusion with a single dose of contrast. Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jul; 30(6):878-85. View in: PubMed

  77. Rapid time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography via a multiecho radial trajectory and GraDeS reconstruction. Magn Reson Med. 2013 Feb; 69(2):346-59. View in: PubMed

  78. Magnetization spoiling in radial FLASH contrast-enhanced MR digital subtraction angiography. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jul; 36(1):249-58. View in: PubMed

  79. Correction for arterial-tissue delay and dispersion in absolute quantitative cerebral perfusion DSC MR imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2012 Aug; 68(2):495-506. View in: PubMed

  80. Imaging: Safety of spinal angiography. Nat Rev Neurol. 2011 Dec 06; 8(1):10-1. View in: PubMed

  81. Detection of renal dysfunction by point-of-care creatinine testing in patients undergoing peripheral MR angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Aug; 197(2):430-5. View in: PubMed

  82. Superficial femoral artery plaque and functional performance in peripheral arterial disease: walking and leg circulation study (WALCS III). JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Jul; 4(7):730-9. View in: PubMed

  83. Superficial femoral artery plaque, the ankle-brachial index, and leg symptoms in peripheral arterial disease: the walking and leg circulation study (WALCS) III. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 May; 4(3):246-52. View in: PubMed

  84. Time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography: evaluation of intrapulmonary circulation parameters in pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Jan; 33(1):225-31. View in: PubMed

  85. SCALE-PWI: A pulse sequence for absolute quantitative cerebral perfusion imaging. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2011 May; 31(5):1272-82. View in: PubMed

  86. Quantitative cerebral MR perfusion imaging: preliminary results in stroke. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 Oct; 32(4):796-802. View in: PubMed

  87. The association of lesion eccentricity with plaque morphology and components in the superficial femoral artery: a high-spatial-resolution, multi-contrast weighted CMR study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2010 Jul 01; 12:37. View in: PubMed

  88. Accelerating time-resolved MRA with multiecho acquisition. Magn Reson Med. 2010 Jun; 63(6):1520-8. View in: PubMed

  89. Glioblastoma: a method for predicting response to antiangiogenic chemotherapy by using MR perfusion imaging--pilot study. Radiology. 2010 May; 255(2):622-8. View in: PubMed

  90. Atorvastatin therapy is associated with greater and faster cerebral hemodynamic response. Brain Imaging Behav. 2008 Jun 01; 2(2):94. View in: PubMed

  91. Periprocedural MRI perfusion imaging to assess and monitor the hemodynamic impact of intracranial angioplasty and stenting for symptomatic atherosclerotic stenosis. J Clin Neurosci. 2010 Jan; 17(1):54-8. View in: PubMed

  92. Three-dimensional phase-sensitive inversion-recovery turbo FLASH sequence for the evaluation of left ventricular myocardial scar. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Nov; 193(5):W381-8. View in: PubMed

  93. Three-dimensional T2-weighted MRI of the human femoral arterial vessel wall at 3.0 Tesla. Invest Radiol. 2009 Sep; 44(9):619-26. View in: PubMed

  94. Citric acid-based elastomers provide a biocompatible interface for vascular grafts. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2010 Apr; 93(1):314-24. View in: PubMed

  95. 4D radial acquisition contrast-enhanced MR angiography and intracranial arteriovenous malformations: quickly approaching digital subtraction angiography. Stroke. 2009 Aug; 40(8):2749-53. View in: PubMed

  96. Radial sliding-window magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with highly-constrained projection reconstruction (HYPR). Magn Reson Med. 2009 May; 61(5):1103-13. View in: PubMed

  97. Advanced noninvasive imaging of spinal vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan; 26(1):E9. View in: PubMed

  98. Method for rapid calculation of quantitative cerebral perfusion. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Nov; 28(5):1258-65. View in: PubMed

  99. Quantification of cerebral perfusion using the "bookend technique": an evaluation in CNS tumors. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Dec; 26(10):1352-9. View in: PubMed

  100. Unilateral practice of a ballistic movement causes bilateral increases in performance and corticospinal excitability. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Jun; 104(6):1656-64. View in: PubMed

  101. A reproducible porcine ePTFE arterial bypass model for neointimal hyperplasia. J Surg Res. 2008 Aug; 148(2):230-7. View in: PubMed

  102. MR imaging assessment of changes in renal function with renal artery stent placement in swine. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2007 Nov; 18(11):1409-16. View in: PubMed

  103. 4D radial contrast-enhanced MR angiography with sliding subtraction. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Nov; 58(5):962-72. View in: PubMed

  104. Quantitative cerebral perfusion using dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI: evaluation of reproducibility and age- and gender-dependence with fully automatic image postprocessing algorithm. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Dec; 58(6):1232-41. View in: PubMed

  105. Orthogonal measurement of thoracic aorta luminal diameter using ECG-gated high-resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Dec; 26(6):1480-5. View in: PubMed

  106. Dark-blood MRI of the thoracic aorta with 3D diffusion-prepared steady-state free precession: initial clinical evaluation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Oct; 189(4):966-72. View in: PubMed

  107. Diagnosis of subclavian steal syndrome using dynamic time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography: a technical note. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Feb; 26(2):287-92. View in: PubMed

  108. Renal artery stenosis in swine: feasibility of MR assessment of renal function during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Radiology. 2007 Jul; 244(1):144-50. View in: PubMed

  109. Three-dimensional black-blood MR imaging of carotid arteries with segmented steady-state free precession: initial experience. Radiology. 2007 Apr; 243(1):220-8. View in: PubMed

  110. Gadolinium-enhanced off-resonance contrast angiography. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Mar; 57(3):475-84. View in: PubMed

  111. Quantitative analysis of ECG-gated high-resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography of the thoracic aorta. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Feb; 188(2):522-8. View in: PubMed

  112. Comparison of intraarterial MR angiography at 3.0 T with X-ray digital subtraction angiography for detection of renal artery stenosis in swine. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2006 Jul; 17(7):1131-7. View in: PubMed

  113. Time-resolved MR angiography with generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition and time-resolved echo-sharing angiographic technique for hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas and grafts. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2006 Jun; 17(6):1003-9. View in: PubMed

  114. Quantitative CBV measurement from static T1 changes in tissue and correction for intravascular water exchange. Magn Reson Med. 2006 Jul; 56(1):138-45. View in: PubMed

  115. Multislice dark-blood carotid artery wall imaging: a 1.5 T and 3.0 T comparison. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 May; 23(5):699-705. View in: PubMed

  116. Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of carotid atherosclerosis in Yucatan miniswine. Invest Radiol. 2006 Mar; 41(3):299-304. View in: PubMed

  117. Method for improving the accuracy of quantitative cerebral perfusion imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 May; 21(5):512-9. View in: PubMed

  118. Catheter-directed MR angiography and cross-sectional imaging for the assessment of renal artery stenosis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Feb; 16(2 Pt 1):255-60. View in: PubMed

  119. Task dependent gain regulation of spinal circuits projecting to the human flexor carpi radialis. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Mar; 161(3):299-306. View in: PubMed

  120. Contrast-enhanced peripheral magnetic resonance angiography using time-resolved vastly undersampled isotropic projection reconstruction. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Nov; 20(5):894-900. View in: PubMed

  121. Automatic calculation of the arterial input function for cerebral perfusion imaging with MR imaging. Radiology. 2003 May; 227(2):593-600. View in: PubMed

  122. Time-resolved three-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography of the peripheral vessels. Radiology. 2002 Oct; 225(1):43-52. View in: PubMed

  123. Absolute quantification of cerebral blood flow with magnetic resonance, reproducibility of the method, and comparison with H2(15)O positron emission tomography. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2002 Sep; 22(9):1149-56. View in: PubMed

  124. Technical developments in MR angiography. Radiol Clin North Am. 2002 Jul; 40(4):921-51. View in: PubMed

  125. Confounding effect of large vessels on MR perfusion images analyzed with independent component analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Jun-Jul; 23(6):1007-12. View in: PubMed

  126. The emergence of time-resolved contrast-enhanced MR imaging for intracranial angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Mar; 23(3):346-8. View in: PubMed

  127. Combined time-resolved and high-spatial-resolution 3D MRA using an extended adaptive acquisition. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2002 Mar; 15(3):291-301. View in: PubMed

  128. Rapid generation of preview images for real-time 3D MR angiography. Phys Med Biol. 2002 Jan 07; 47(1):N17-24. View in: PubMed